A New York Times video report entitled A Refugee Crisis in Afghanistan documents the extreme poverty of Afghans who are returning to their home country after years or decades of refuge in neighboring Pakistan.
Most of Barakat's students in Pakistan are Afghans living in refugee camps in Attock. Most of them would prefer to stay where they are rather than return to uncertain circumstances. However, the government of Pakistan has threatened to force their return to Afghanistan, where they would likely face conditions similar to those shown in the video. Returning Afghans with a basic education may be better able to re-integrate into the shaky Afghan economy.